Below is an excerpt from this article that describes the perilous situation of too many haves. Gerund or infinitive exercise 2 answers 1 we arranged to meet under the station clock at half nine. Gi003 gerund or infinitive fill in the correct form intermediate. On this page you can try some gerund and infinitive exercises to test your knowledge in the first exercise there is a story about ali, who is. Exercise 3 in pdf here choose the gerund or infinitive for a list of twenty verbs. Verb infinitives subject complement i want to learn english. In these examples, the infinitives are shaded and the infinitive phrases are in bold. A gerund is a verb form that ends in ing and is used as a noun walking, traveling, voting. Going to a new city is exciting, and taking a tour is especially convenient for travelers. Gerunds and infinitives can function as the subject of a sentence or the object of a verb. In english, both gerunds and infinitives can be used to talk about the reason why we use or do something.
In english, if you want to follow a verb with another action, you must use a gerund or infinitive. A tour will help you see a number of attractions in a relatively short time and will include professional guides who are trained to provide interesting historical details and stories for whatever site you are visiting. We shall look at this particular type of verb from three angles. They know which one to choose by what sounds right. A list of all the exercises about gerunds and infinitives on my site. We can use the infinitive to explain why we do things. Review charts and rules for gerunds and infinitives as needed. To download the johnny grammars word challenge app for free, v.
Infinitives can be used as nouns, adjectives or adverbs. It can also appear as a subject complement, which provides information. In this post, i will help you understand when to use a gerund or infinitive to describe the purpose of someone or something. Complete the sentences with a gerund or an infinitive. Pdf verbs of liking with the infinitive and the gerund. It can be tricky to remember which verbs are followed by the infinitive the to form of the verb and which are followed by the gerund the ing form of the verb. Infinitives with and without zu in german grammar lingolia deutsch. Divide students into three groups, ideally of three or four students. Infinitive abbreviated inf is a linguistics term referring to certain verb forms existing in many languages, most often used as nonfinite verbs. I can accept to understand human behavior as an adverbial phrase modifying took, but i dont agree that to understand, on its own in the context, functions as an adverb. English gerunds and infinitives are often treated as nearly equivalent ways of using verb phrases as syntactic.
Sometimes we use words ending with ing as nouns, e. Get all of our questions, plus many more, in an easy to access format. On this page you can try some gerund and infinitive exercises to test your knowledge in the first exercise there is a story about ali, who is taking the ielts test in order to go and study abroad. Page 2 of 3 gerunds and infinitives doing what noun phrases do cloze exercise. An infinitive will almost always begin with to followed by the simple form of the verb, like this. What is something you have a hard time remembering. Infinitive form of a verb what is the infinitive form of a. Live worksheets english english as a second language esl gerund or infinitive gerunds and infinitives gerunds and infinitives recognize when to use gerunds or infinitives.
An infinitive can act as a noun, appearing as the subject or direct object of a sentence. Imperatives and infinitives for giving suggestions. T he i nfi ni tive recognize an infinitive when you see one. From cambridge english corpus heuristics are used only for apposition, embedded infinitive clauses, and nominal postmodifications. Explanations and examples along with tests and exercises online to practise english gerund. Gerund and infinitive worksheets are in pdf format and consist of a worksheet and answer sheet to check your results. Infinitives are a type of nonfinite verbs or verbals, the other types being gerunds and participles. The infinitive is the base form of a verb and ends in en. Here the infinitive to begin is the object of the preposition about. Exercise 1 in pdf here choose the gerund or infinitive for a list of twenty verbs. He was rather a lazy student, and he tended to avoid work whenever he could. James thurber spoke about perfect infinitives in his article for the new yorker titled our own modern english usage.
Depending on the verbs it follows, we use the infinitive with or without the preposition zu. The infinitive can be used to qualify an adjective. In the middle of the semester, his history professor gave out an assignment, due in two weeks. Many english learners have difficulty choosing between the infinitive form and the ing form. Remember that an infinitive phrase is the infinitive form of a verb plus all the bits that go with it i.
Gerunds and infinitives exercises perfect english grammar. Using gerunds and infinitives a gerund is a verb form that ends in ing and is used as a noun walking, traveling, voting. Gerunds and participles are also compared and contrasted in a separate section of this handout because they can both end in ing but have different functions in a sentence. Esl conversation questions gerunds and infinitives.
To sneeze, to smash, to cry, to shriek, to jump, to dunk, to read, to eat, to slurp all of these are infinitives. The infinitive recognize an infinitive when you see one. A downloadable esl worksheet to practise the use of gerund or infinitive after different verbs. Test your english in johnnys new quiz app for phones and tablets, on both ios and android. As with many linguistic concepts, there is not a single definition applicable to all languages. Learn about infinitives in order to improve your grammar for ielts. In other words, they can describe or provide more information about a.
Infinitives definition of infinitives by the free dictionary. Download gerund and infinitive list pdf down below. Infinitives without to are known as bare infinitives. Infinitives may occur with or without the infinitive marker to. Tomorrow, we will get his friend help us pack the boxes. Welcome to another episode of everyday grammar on voa learning english. Put the verb into the gerund or the infinitive with to. Infinitive meaning in the cambridge english dictionary.
In everyday speech, only a few nouns are generally modified by infinitives. Gerunds, participles, and infinitives in this handout, the three types of verbals are discussed. If infinitives did not raise overtly, but objects in subordinate clauses did, the order is explained. There are, however, four other forms of the infinititive.
Infinitive definition is formed with the infinitive. Students complete sentences by choosing verbs from a list and putting them in the correct form. Choose the correct answer for each gap below, then click the check button to check your answers. Infinitives synonyms, infinitives pronunciation, infinitives translation, english dictionary definition of infinitives. The redcard holders write down verbs followed by gerunds. Gerund and infinitive pdf worksheets english vocabulary and. In english, when we talk about the infinitive we are usually referring to the present infinitive, which is the most common. Gerunds and infinitives can function b to compose a sonata would take months. Apr 17, 2015 welcome to another episode of everyday grammar on voa learning english. Infinitive definition of infinitive by merriamwebster. Infinitives and gerunds take the place of a noun in a sentence. A gerund is the ing form of a verb that functions the same.
Exercise 2 in pdf here choose the gerund or infinitive for a list of twenty verbs. If there is to between two verbs, we call it infinitive and ing added to second verb it is called gerund. Gerunds and infinitives yuri was in his first year at university, studying history. English learners have difficulty with gerunds and infinitives. Th e tens e o f infinitives, i n linguistic inquiry xii i 1982, 562. In these two examples, the infinitive verbs are functioning as nouns. The infinitive can also be the object of a preposition. Gerunds and infinitives worksheet with answers 3 for esl students and teachers.1311 873 1114 903 1333 343 1436 1036 445 471 94 932 155 976 257 713 1257 61 1220 528 534 805 1035 841 1304 776 907 1000 67 964 1243 1515 452 100 1267 474 378 1367 567 631 236 1494